Let’s Shed Some Light on Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imaging

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Multispectral & Hyperspectral Imaging

January 2024

March 2023

Let’s Shed Some Light on Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imaging

Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging are powerful tools for collecting multiple types of data. Multispectral imaging uses several different wavelengths of light to capture images, while hyperspectral imaging uses hundreds of different wavelengths of light to capture images.

Both technologies offer many benefits, including identifying and differentiating objects and materials. However, hyperspectral imaging can provide more detailed information due to its ability to capture hundreds of spectral bands.

Multispectral Imaging Applications
Multispectral imaging has many advantages, including capturing a wide range of light wavelengths, identifying objects and materials of interest, detecting environmental changes, and providing detailed scene images. It also enables researchers to measure light reflected from the Earth's surface to study the composition and health of vegetation, identify different types of land cover, map changes in land use, and even monitor changes in water quality.

Multispectral imaging on the Mississippi river | Source: Wikipedia

Additionally, multispectral analysis can be used to identify mineral deposits, track weather patterns, and study atmospheric conditions. Overall, multispectral imaging provides a valuable tool for understanding and monitoring the Earth's natural systems. Finally, multispectral imaging can provide valuable data for various applications, including agriculture, forestry, and urban planning.

Multispectral imaging of the Bek crater on Mercury | Source: Wikipedia

Hyperspectral Imaging Applications
Hyperspectral imaging is a powerful tool ideal for various applications, from environmental monitoring to medical diagnostics. For example, hyperspectral imaging can detect pollutants or changes in vegetation, soil, and water bodies in ecological monitoring. Precision agriculture to assess soil composition, crop health, and weed detection applications also benefit from hyperspectral imaging. In medical diagnostics, hyperspectral imaging can detect skin cancer, monitor wound healing, and for early detection of other diseases. In addition, hyperspectral imaging can be used to detect counterfeit materials, identify minerals and ores, and detect explosives. Hyperspectral imaging is becoming increasingly important in many fields with its wide range of applications.

Illumination in Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imaging
Illumination is critical in multispectral and hyperspectral imaging because it helps to provide additional information about the target object. Illuminating the object with different wavelengths of light allows it to be viewed differently, with greater detail and accuracy in the imaging process. Hyperspectral imaging can be used for various purposes, including identifying specific materials, objects, or features, and in medical imaging, security, and surveillance applications. Illumination can also reduce the noise in the image, making it easier to detect and analyze the target objects.

Choosing the Correct Lens
The lens is critical because it collects and focuses the light onto the imaging sensor. Therefore, the lens designed for specific applications ensures the maximum amount of light collected and that the light is accurately focused on the sensor. The sensor then detects the different wavelengths of light and uses this information to create an image. The correct lens also plays a crucial role in controlling the field of view, resolution, and other imaging parameters.

Our Hyper/Multispectral Lens Series
Created for the latest Visible + SWIR imaging sensors, Computar's award-winning ViSWIR Hyper/Multispectral Lens Series minimizes focus shift within a few microns in the 400- to 1700-nanometer visible and shortwave infrared range. In addition, a broadband anti-reflection coating applied to all lens elements minimizes adverse lighting effects. With this, spectral imaging is achievable with a single-sensor camera by simply syncing the lighting making the ViSWIR Series the intelligent choice. Learn more about the ViSWIR Hyper / Multi-Spectral Lens Series here.

multispectral and hyperspectral imaging lenses

Multispectral and Hyperspectral imagery applications constantly evolve as technology and sensors become more advanced. These applications can now detect subtle environmental changes, such as soil moisture, vegetation health, and pollutant levels. They are also increasingly used to map agricultural areas, monitor land use, and monitor environmental conditions. Furthermore, they are used in various industries, such as precision agriculture and forestry, to provide detailed information about crops, vegetation, and land cover. Multispectral and hyperspectral imagery also detects and monitors atmospheric and oceanic changes, such as air temperature, cloud cover, and ocean currents. These applications are expected to become even more useful and accurate as technology advances.

To meet with a lens specialist and to learn more about Computar's award-winning ViSWIR Hyper/Multispectral Lens Series stop by booth #6064 at ISC West in Las Vegas March 29-31, 2023.
Enjoy a  complimentary exhibit hall pass  (worth up to $150!).